Italy Political, Economic, and Social Conditions 2012 and Beyond - meltdown
The center provides a brief national profile of Italy.At the end of 2011, Italy was subject to strict scrutiny due to adverse economic conditions.Due to Italy's huge public debt, the review was led by other EU member states.
At that time, Italy was the euro zone's 3rd largest economy and the fourth largest in the EU's 27 countries.The European Union has already provided substantial relief to Ireland and Greece, and faces the prospect of further aid to Portugal and Spain.The possibility of an economic collapse in Italy led to the voluntary but sudden departure of Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi in early November 2011.
Boots in Italy-Shaped territory in southern Europe.Italy is just over 116,000 square miles (301,000 square miles ).Islands including Sardinia and Sicily.The North borders France, Switzerland, Austria and Solvenia.
Most parts of the country are surrounded by oceans including the Liguria sea.Mediterranean in the southwest and south;The Ionian Sea in the southeast;The Adriatic Sea in the east.Italy has also surrounded two independent countries, including the Vatican (home to the Pope and the Roman Catholic Holy City) and Mariano.
According to the culture magazine, Italy has a variety of natural landscapes.These include mountains in the north and pristine beaches along the coastline.The temperature ranges from alpine conditions in the north to hot and dry conditions in the South.
Rome is the capital of Italy.
Italy's three largest cities include Rome in the middle of the West Coast and two.47 million;Milan north to 1.33 million;And 953,000 off the west coast of Naples.The three charts below this module depict some of the general demographic and related demographic data that Italy expects to have by 2030.
As of 2010, Italy had nearly 60 million inhabitants.Life expectancy is approximately 81 years (78 years for men );84 women).There are less than 4 deaths per 1,000 live births.
Ethnic minorities, which account for 95% of Italy's population, include Italians;German, 1%;There are French, Albanian, sloven and Greek around.5% each.The religious beliefs are Roman Catholic, accounting for 98%, and the Christian, Jewish and Muslim communities add up to less than 2%.In 1946, Italy abolished the monarchy and established a republic.
The president was elected by parliament and 58 regional delegates.Only half a year of semester and practicePerform functions.Then the president appointed the prime minister.
There are 630 in the House (House-Five elected membersUniversal suffrage through proportional representation.The Senate (upper house) has 315 members;In addition to seven, all elections were also elected by proportional delegates.The current president of Italy is George Napolitano.
Mario Monti took over as prime minister in November 2011.According to a professional analyst at the Economist Intelligence Unit, in November 2011 there was growing concern about Italy's ability to repay its debt, avoid financial collapse and stay in the euro zone.Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, who lost support after receiving such attention, suddenly resigned, but offered to resign.
Italian president George Napolitano arrived quickly at Mario Monti in Italy.Mario Monti is a former EU commissioner and president of the University of Bocconi.As prime minister, Monti has won wide support with a vote of confidence from all political parties.
This support comes from both houses of parliament, but it is fragile even if it is broad.Central to the economist's think tank forecast is that Monti will remain in office until April 2013 after the end of this parliamentary term.However, there is a high risk that he will not do so.
EIU outlines Mario Monti's three goals set in the short termThe future is limited.(A) eliminating the government deficit;(B) a substantial reduction in government debt;(C) reform the economy so as to approach-stagnation.According to economist Analysis, (a) in addition to the recent cuts and tax increases passed by parliament, further pain is needed to eliminate government debt;(B) reduction of government debt can be achieved in part through privatization, but only through disputed property taxes;(C) reform of the economy will require the overthrow of the long termDeep-rooted industries and occupations set considerable barriers to protecting themselves from the competition of new entrants.
The Economist staff expected.
Wealth tax and reduced professional privileges.While cutting the privileges of union members, it may raise opposition from the right.All of this will be a political minefield for Prime Minister Mario Monti and will make the political arena in Italy very fragile.
The charts presented were created through the international futures forecasting software, which draws on most of the world's major sources of political and economic intelligence.As shown in the figure, in the range of 0 to 5, Italy's governance effectiveness scored at the low end of the developed economies in the euro zone.By Transparency International, Italy's level of corruption is at a moderate level, but at a high level for advanced European economies.
According to the European monitoring organization, 2011 of Italy's economic recovery is rather weak.Excessive spending leads to runaway debt burdens.Public debt (as a percentage of GDP) is second only to Greece in the EU, and public debt may rise without additional reforms.
Italy's public debt led to a downgrade of its debt security rating and was forced to issue bonds at unsustainable interest rates.Italy's per capita GDP has been relatively stagnant for the past decade.One of the worst performing countries in the world's advanced economies.
Italy is the third most populous country in the world, and the prospect of future economic growth may be further affected.Italy faces a significant risk that investors' concerns about its debt burden and weak economic growth will continue to push interest rates higher, which could lead to debt --The cost of services and membership in the euro area is unsustainable.Italy will achieve moderate growth in 2012 and 2013, but due to fiscal tightening in domestic and major export markets, GDP will shrink slightly in 2012, but will gradually rise to around 1% per year in 2014.
Inflation will fall from average 2.
2011 8% to 2012 about 2%-Due to falling commodity prices and weak domestic demand (EU unified measures), prices rose to around 2 points.5% a year in 2014-16.It is expected that gross domestic product and per capita GDP will grow at a snail rate in the next 10 to 20 years.This may be due to an aging population and the expected reduction in the labor force.
Manufacturing is expected to remain Italy's main economic sector.Italy's share of public debt in GDP is expected to remain around 100%.The chart below describes some of the social factors in Italy.
Charts are prepared using IFs software.
As shown in the figure, Italian economic freedom is relatively moderate.In terms of education, the proportion of children who graduated from high schools in Italy was high, with men accounting for 55% and women accounting for 73%.Italy is also relatively high in gender empowerment.